Expectations & Attitudes Guiding Principles
The athletics department has a written, positive values statement or policy that applies to all individuals affiliated with the department. Substance misuse messages that coaches, staff, student-athletes and others give during orientation, during the year and by their own actions never allow, encourage or condone substance misuse use by student-athletes, cheerleaders, student managers and athletic training students/volunteers. Coaching, sports medicine and other athletics staff adhere to and role model the standards expected of student-athletes, cheerleaders, student managers and athletic training students/volunteers.
Evidence-Based Strategies to Address Expectations & Attitudes
CollegeAIM was created by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) to help schools select evidence-based programs for substance misuse prevention. Interventions listed below are rated by higher, moderate or lower effectiveness or there is mixed evidence/too few studies to rate effectiveness. As you develop your action plan, first consider the items below.
- Experiential expectancy challenge interventions
- Parent-based alcohol communication training
- Conduct “reward &reminder” or “mystery shopping visit”
Mixed evidence/too few studies to rate effectiveness
- Enact bystander interventions
- Establish substance-free residence halls
- Require alcohol-free programming
- Implement safe-ride programs
- Implement party patrols
Programs developed by past APPLE attendees:
Late Night Alternatives & Red Zone Tailgates - Saint Francis University
- The Saint Francis APPLE Leadership Team created Late Night Alternatives and safe tailgate programs, open to the entire campus throughout the academic year.
Viking Virtues - Cleveland State University
- The APPLE team identified 7 attitudes and expectations for their Athletics Department. Students sign a Viking Virtues pledge and there are a variety of supporting materials for student-athletes.
Student Athletes' Perspective: Alcohol and Drugs video - University of North Dakota
- Student-athletes were interviewed on the risks of alcohol and other drug use and their personal reasons for limiting use and dealing with campus culture. Four minutes.
R Care - Rutgers University
- The R Care program is a "state of the art, comprehensive wrap-around care system for all Rutgers student-athletes, including holistic health care, academic support, career development and preparation, leadership development, and community service." The website provides descriptions of several workshop offerings.
- The Rollins APPLE team created a set of pillars to guide expectations and attitudes in their athletics department. The linked slide deck provides an overview of the process they used to creating the pillars, lessons learned fand the role of persistence in creating change on campus.
Student-Athlete Perceptions Survey - Drury University
- As part of their Blue Ribbon Committeee on the Prevention of Hazing, Drury University created a survey to assess student-athlete perceptions of coaches', athletic trainers' and other adminstrators' attitudes towards and expectations of student-athletes, particularly around hazing prevention.
Core Values of Athletics Department - Limestone College
- Describes the Athletic Department's mission statement and descriptions of the department's four core values for administration, coaches, staff, and current and former students.
It's on Us video - Saginaw Valley State University
- One-minute video of student-athletes discussing the role of a caring community and expectation to look out for each other and be an active bystander in situations of interpersonal violence.
Step Up - Bridgewater College
- This 90 second video provides an overview of the Step UP! bystander intervention program and the expectation of BC student-athletes to be active bystanders.
Step Up Mules - Muhlenberg College
- Two video examples to promote the expectation for bystander intervention and details of Step UP! program.
Seagull Challenge - Salisbury University
- The Seagull Challenge is a fun and competitive way for student athletes to engage in the community, promote school spirit and support Salisbury athletics. Teams earn points by attending events. Link provided to the attendance form.
First Year Athlete Mentor Experience (FAME) - Gustavus Adolphus College
- The FAME program connects incoming student-athletes with current student-athlete mentors to assist with college adjustment. Website includes the mission, educational objectives and program components.