Promoting Student-Athlete Wellness and Substance Abuse Prevention


Sanctioning Guiding Principles

Disciplinary actions related to infractions of ATOD polices are appropriate to the number and type of infractions, clearly specified, and well-disseminated.  They are also uniformly enforced across all teams, cheerleaders, student managers and student athletic trainers. 

Evidence-Based Strategies to Address Sanctioning

The College Alcohol Intervention Matrix (CollegeAIM) was created by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) to help schools select evidence-based programs for substance misuse prevention. Interventions listed below are rated by higher, moderate or lower effectiveness or there is mixed evidence/too few studies to rate effectiveness.  The NIAAA Task Force on College Drinking Report provides additional guidance on “promising strategies that need additional research.” As you develop your action plan, first consider the items below. 

Mixed evidence/too few studies to rate effectiveness:

Promising strategy that needs additional research:

  • Consistently enforce disciplinary actions associated with policy violations

Programs developed by past APPLE attendees:

Division I

Student Athlete Handbook (p. 10-20) - Virginia Tech

  • Provides a detailed, four-phase approach to a failed drug test and includes sanctions specific to marijuana use.

Student Athlete Handbook (p. 52-54) - Kent State University

  • The policy details the responsibilities of the student-athlete that tested positive, the head coach and the Athletic Team Physician. Sanctions are described for positive chemical tests and missed (no show) tests.

Division II

Student-Athlete Handbook (p. 34) - Lincoln Memorial University

  • The policy outlines the drug testing and notification process and has separate detailed sanctioning policies for alcohol and for other drugs.

Division III

Program information coming soon!